A global sand crisis looms — here's how to dodge it – Nature.com

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Sand for construction is collected from a river bed in India, where estimated demand for the material will more than double by 2060. Credit: NurPhoto via Getty
Global use of sand for building will surge by 45% by 2060, even if population and economic growth are moderate, according to new modelling1. But the analysis suggests that there’s hope: if countries cooperate, building-sand demand in 2060 could be 30% of projected levels.

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doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-022-00876-z
Zhong, X. Deetman, S. Tukker, A. & Behrens, P. Nature Sust. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-022-00857-0 (2022).
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German Aerospace Center (DLR)
Jena, Germany
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ)
Leipzig, Germany
Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB)
Ghent, Belgium
German Aerospace Center (DLR)
Köln, Germany

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Nature (Nature) ISSN 1476-4687 (online) ISSN 0028-0836 (print)
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